There are several distinct boards and entities that are involved in the ad valorem tax process, such as Tax Commissioner, Board of Tax Assessors, Board of Equalization, Board of County Commissioners, Board of Education, and State Revenue Commissioner. Please see pages below for more information and specific details regarding those boards.
Ad valorem tax, more commonly known as property tax, is a large source of revenue for local governments in Georgia. The basis for ad valorem taxation is the fair market value of the property, which is established as of January 1 of each year. The tax is levied on the assessed value of the property which, by law, is established at 40% of fair market value. The amount of tax is determined by the tax rate (mill rate) levied by various entities. One mill is equal to $1.00 for each $1,000 of assessed value, or .001.