Troup County History

Troup County’s rich history and heritage, combined with a forward-thinking population, serve as a foundation for continued success in what has become one of Georgia’s premier communities.

Since its creation by the State Legislature in 1826, Troup County has honed a worthy reputation as a center for commerce and a community of fair-minded people seeking to improve the lives of its citizens. This commitment to residents and passion for excellence has catapulted Troup County forward for close to two centuries. Even as similar-sized towns throughout the nation have faded, this community shines brighter with each decade that passes.

Troup County’s modern-day history began when the United States negotiated a treaty with the Creek Nation to purchase this area, thus giving the Georgia legislature authority to subdivide the territory in the central west part of the state into counties. One of these counties was named Troup in honor of then-Georgia Governor George M. Troup.

Troup County officially opened for settlement in 1827, and LaGrange was incorporated as the county seat in 1828. West Point was incorporated four years later, in 1832, and Hogansville (established as a town as early as 1860) was chartered in 1870. Troup County was soon a leading center of education, agriculture, and commerce. Many smaller towns and communities developed throughout the county; some, like Mountville, continue to maintain their unique identity.

While the Civil War brought challenges and changes to the area, Troup County emerged stronger and, by the turn of the century, its textile industry was developing as an economic force that, along with agriculture, sustained the area for close to a century. Cotton and dairy farms thrived throughout the countryside. In town, neighborhoods were built around individual textile mills, and the fabric of the area’s community life was woven.

Textiles continue to play a role in the area’s economy, but the numerous industries here today represent a variety of businesses, from product packaging (ExxonMobil) to batteries (Duracell). Efficient, progressive planning by community leaders is responsible for the area’s transition to a diverse destination for companies seeking success. Industries and businesses searching for a viable location are quick to consider Troup County, as evident in KIA’s decision to build its first American car manufacturing plant here.

With a population of 68,000, Troup County continues a tradition of striving to ensure quality lifestyles for all who live here. With Troup County’s bicentennial less than two decades away, county leaders work with leaders of Troup’s three cities to continue a legacy of opportunity and optimism for all who make Troup County their home.


For more information on historical or genealogical facts, please contact the Troup County Archives, (706) 884-1828.